The historical sources give evidence of the dense
population and tempestuous history of these areas during the ancient
times. Marčana was first mentioned in writing in 1243 in the act of
Pula’s oath of loyalty to Venice. Specifically, Marčana was then a part
of Pula-Pola area and afterwards in 1331 it came under the authority of
the Republic of Venice.
Since this area was affected by an outbreak of
plague on several occasions during the 15th century, Marčana and its
surroundings virtually lost all the inhabitants. During the next century
previously mentioned the Republic of Venice is systematically being
settled by the refugees running away from Greece and Dalmatia. The
centre of the place is dominated by the parish church of St. Peter and
Paul from the 15th century with the bell-tower dating back to 1846.
Marčana is also famous for the medieval church of St. Anthony of Padua
widened in late 16th century and consecrated in 1709.The undiscovered
and attractive coast of Marčana steeply plunges into the clean and deep
This coastal area is dominated by green peninsulas and bays which coast offers a priceless view of the horizon bathing in the blue.
Throughout history Barban had a strategical
position dominating the high ground and controlling the valley and the
bridge on the Raša river.Gradually, the village developed into the
fortified castle with round and square towers, defensive walls and big
and small town gates as well as the citadel. In 1535 it was bought from
the counts of Pazin-Pisino by the Venetian noble family Loredans whose
members, although living in Barban only temporary and represented by the
captain, pulled it down and built the palace and the parish church of
In front of the big town gates there is a small stony church of St. Anthony the Monk from the 15th century which interior is covered with frescoes.The most renowned historical person of Barban is a canon Pietro Stancovich (1771-1852), the author of the book 'Biographies of distinguished Istrians' where he immortalized 478 Istrian leading figures.
Today Barban is well known for its knightly game Trka na prstenac (the race for the ring), the feast of wine and the fig festival.